Treatment for Dengue Fever, Symptoms, Causes, Platelet Count, and Recovery

Dengue symptoms, causes, therapy, platelet count, and recovery are all discussed in this article. Dengue fever (DENG-gey) is a mosquito-borne disease that mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Dengue fever is characterised by a high temperature and flu-like symptoms. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a severe form of dengue fever that can result in significant bleeding, a drop in blood pressure (shock), and death.

Treatment for Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a contagious disease caused by dengue viruses, which are spread by mosquitos and transmitted to people. Dengue fever has become a critical global concern as its frequency has increased. When was the first case of dengue fever documented, and what was the name of the illness? Dengue fever can be treated in a variety of ways. Dengue fever manifests itself in a variety of ways. What are the signs and symptoms of dengue fever? Is there a way to get rid of it? We’ll look at the answers to these questions in this part.

Dengue Fever Statistics – Dengue fever infects around 50 million people each year, according to the World Health Organization, however some studies believe the figure might be as high as 100 million. Dengue fever is a severe flu-like sickness characterised by a high fever, headache, and excruciating body and joint discomfort. The majority of people recover from dengue fever.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever affects between 2.5 and 3 billion people worldwide, with the majority of cases occurring in tropical, metropolitan areas of Southeast Asia, the Americas, Africa, and the Pacific (Figure 1). Severe dengue fever, a more serious version of the disease, is expected to hospitalise 500,000 individuals each year, the majority of whom are children. Severe dengue fever kills more than 5% of patients in some parts of the world. Dengue fever is more common in cities than it is in rural regions. Dengue fever infections, on the other hand, are on the rise in rural regions.

What Are Dengue Fever’s Symptoms and Signs?

Dengue fever has a wide range of symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. The dengue virus causes modest symptoms in babies and young children, such as a fever and a rash all over their body, but no other dengue symptoms. Others show no signs or symptoms at all.

Treatment for Dengue Fever, Symptoms, Causes, Platelet Count, and Recovery

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Adults and older children may experience modest symptoms similar to those listed above, or they may develop characteristic dengue symptoms such as a high fever lasting two to seven days, severe muscle, bone, and joint pain, discomfort behind the eyes, severe headaches, nausea and vomiting, and a rash. Dengue fever is characterised by a two-peak fever response. The patient’s body temperature is relatively high in the outset of the condition, but it steadily decreases before abruptly rising again.

A decrease in the number of white blood cells and a shortage of platelets in the blood are further signs of dengue fever. Skin haemorrhages (bleeding beneath the skin’s surface) in dengue fever patients might show as red or purple spots on the body. Dengue fever can also cause skin, nose, and mouth bleeding. Dengue fever can take weeks to recover from, and sufferers may feel exhausted and depressed throughout that time.

Causes of Dengue Fever

DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 are the viruses that cause dengue disease. The virus is transmitted to a mosquito when it bites a person who is already sick. When a healthy person is bitten, the virus enters the circulatory system and spreads the sickness.

When a person recovers from one virus, he is immune to it but not to the others. You’re more likely to acquire severe Dengue fever, also known as Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, if you get Dengue fever for the second, third, or fourth time.

Counting Dengue Platelets

Dengue Fever Diagnosis – A blood test can detect dengue infection by looking for the virus or antibodies against it. Contact your doctor if you become ill after visiting a tropical place. This will help your doctor determine whether your symptoms are caused by a dengue infection.

Dengue Fever Treatment – There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. Use acetaminophen-based pain relievers instead of aspirin-based pain relievers if you suspect you have dengue fever. Aspirin-based pain relievers may cause bleeding. You should also get enough rest, consume plenty of water, and see your doctor. If you begin to feel worse during the first 24 hours after your fever has subsided, get medical attention right once.

Dengue Fever Prevention – The best approach to avoid the sickness is to avoid mosquito bites, especially if you live in or visit a tropical zone. It entails taking precautions and making an attempt to keep mosquito populations in check. Dengvaxia, a dengue vaccine, was licenced by the FDA in 2019 to help prevent illness in adolescents aged 9 to 16 who have previously been infected with dengue fever.

When should you go to the doctor?

Dengue fever is a medical emergency that can be fatal. Severe stomach discomfort, vomiting, difficulty breathing, blood in the nostrils, gums, vomit, or faeces are all symptoms. If you’ve recently visited a location where dengue fever is known to exist, if you’ve had a fever, or if you’ve developed any of the warning signs, seek medical help right away.

Consult your doctor if you’ve recently travelled and have a fever and moderate symptoms of dengue fever.

Dengue fever vaccination is used in the treatment of dengue fever.

Sanofi Pasteur developed Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV), the first dengue vaccine, which was approved by regulatory bodies in 20 countries in December 2015. In November 2017, the results of a second inquiry into serostatus at the time of inoculation were released. The subgroup of study participants who were inferred to be seronegative at the initial immunisation had a higher risk of more severe dengue and dengue hospitalizations than unvaccinated individuals. As a result, the vaccination is only for those between the ages of 9 and 45 who reside in endemic areas and have had at least one confirmed dengue virus infection.

Factors that are in jeopardy

You’re more likely to get dengue fever or a more severe form of the disease if you do any of the following:

You can either reside in or go to tropical locations. People who reside in tropical and subtropical areas are more likely to contract dengue fever. Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America, and Africa are all high-risk areas.

You’ve already got dengue fever. If you’ve previously had dengue fever, you’re more likely to get it again and experience severe symptoms.

Complications

Severe dengue infection might result in internal bleeding and organ damage. If blood pressure falls dangerously low, shock may result. Severe dengue fever can be fatal in some cases.

If a mother contracts dengue fever while pregnant, her child may contract the disease after birth. Infants born to mothers who contracted dengue fever while pregnant are more likely to be born prematurely, with a low birth weight, or with foetal distress.

Dengue fever treatment prevention

One dengue fever vaccination (Dengvaxia) is recommended for anybody aged 9 to 45 who has had dengue fever at least once and lives in an area where the illness is widespread. The vaccine is administered in three doses over the course of a year.

Only people with a documented history of dengue fever or who have had a blood test that indicates prior infection with one of the dengue viruses are eligible for the vaccine (known as seropositivity). In those who have never had dengue fever before, vaccination appears to increase the risk of severe dengue fever and dengue fever-related hospitalisation (seronegative).

Dengvaxia is not available in the continental United States for tourists or residents. The vaccine was licenced by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2019 for people aged 9 to 16 who have previously had dengue fever and live in the US territory of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands, where the disease is common.

Time for a Dengue Mosquito Bite

In order to treat dengue fever, mosquito bites can be avoided.

The vaccination is ineffective in preventing dengue fever in regions where the disease is already prevalent, according to the World Health Organization. Avoiding mosquito bites and lowering mosquito populations are still the most effective ways to prevent dengue disease.

If you reside in or plan to visit an area where dengue fever is frequent, keep the following precautions in mind:

  • Stay in a well-ventilated or air-conditioned room. Dengue-carrying mosquitos are most active from dawn to dusk, however they can bite at any time.
  • Put on some protective gear. Dress in a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks, and shoes when visiting mosquito-infested locations.
  • It is advised that you use insect repellent. Clothing, shoes, camping gear, and bed nets can all be treated with permethrin. Clothing that has previously been treated with permethrin is also available. Use a repellent with at least ten percent DEET for your skin.

Mosquito habitat should be kept to a minimum. Mosquitos that spread dengue fever are frequently found in and near homes, where they multiply in standing water that collects in things such as old automobile tyres. By removing mosquito breeding areas, you can help to reduce mosquito populations. Empty and clean containers that retain standing water, such as plant pots, animal bowls, and flower vases, at least once a week. Between cleanings, keep standing water containers covered.

Treatment for Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a virus, hence there is no specific therapy or cure. Early intervention may be effective depending on the severity of the illness. Dengue fever can be treated in a number of different ways. Patients are frequently prescribed pain medications such as Tylenol or paracetamol. IV infusions may be used to support treatment in cases of severe dehydration.

Stay hydrated: We lose the majority of our body fluids when we vomit or have a fever. If fluids are consumed on a regular basis, the body will not easily dehydrate.

Hygiene: Maintaining excellent hygiene is critical, especially while you’re sick. If a regular bath isn’t available, the patient can take a sponge bath instead. To the bathing water, add a few drops of disinfectant liquid, such as Dettol. It’s also a good idea to use a hand sanitizer like Dettol before and after visiting a patient in the hospital. Disinfect the water used to wash the patient’s clothes with Dettol to remove bacteria from the garments.

Dengue Fever is a life-threatening illness.

Dengue fever, which is more deadly than typical dengue therapy, can be caused by the dengue virus. Although the early symptoms of severe dengue fever are similar to mild dengue fever, severe dengue has a far greater death rate. Patients with severe dengue fever have a high fever, haemorrhage, and a low white blood cell count, just like those with dengue fever. What’s the difference between a severe case of dengue fever and a case of dengue fever?

Also check: Registration, Efficacy, Side Effects

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Conclusion

The loss of blood plasma from capillaries is the most common symptom of severe dengue. This leaking happens 24 to 48 hours after the patient’s fever has subsided, a period known as the crucial phase by clinicians. Dengue fever patients recover when their fever subsides. Patients with severe dengue fever, on the other hand, suffer. If plasma exits the circulatory system in people with severe dengue fever, fluids may gather in body cavities. Check for abnormally low protein levels in the blood and a higher-than-normal number of red blood cells to indicate plasma leakage. Excessive bleeding is another indication of acute dengue. The stomach and intestines are affected by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

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